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Theoretical Analysis of Multimodal Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Microwires

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4 Author(s)
Gil M. Fernandes ; Instituto de Telecomunica¿ões, Aveiro, Portugal ; Álvaro J. Almeida ; Manfred Niehus ; Armando Nolasco Pinto

Optical fiber microwires (OFMs) are nonlinear optical waveguides that support several spatial modes. The multimodal generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation (MM-GNLSE) is deduced taking into account the linear and nonlinear modal coupling. A detailed theoretical description of four-wave mixing (FWM) considering the modal coupling is developed. Both, the intramode and the intermode phase-matching conditions is calculated for an optical microwire in a strong guiding regime. Finally, the FWM dynamics is studied and the amplitude evolution of the pump beams, the signal and the idler are analyzed.

Published in:

Journal of Lightwave Technology  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 2 )