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A Looped-Bowtie RFID Tag Antenna Design for Metallic Objects

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3 Author(s)
Ken-Huang Lin ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung, Taiwan ; Sung-Lin Chen ; Mittra, R.

Design of a long read-range, reconfigurable operating frequency radio frequency identification (RFID) metal tag is proposed in this paper. The antenna structure consists of two nonconnected load bars and two bowtie patches electrically connected through four pairs of vias to a conducting backplane to form a looped-bowtie RFID tag antenna that is suitable for mounting on metallic objects. The design offers more degrees of freedom to tune the input impedance of the proposed antenna. The load bars, which have a cutoff point on each bar, can be used to reconfigure the operating frequency of the tag by exciting any one of the three possible frequency modes; hence, this tag can be used worldwide for the UHF RFID frequency band. Experimental tests show that the maximum read range of the prototype, placed on a metallic object, are found to be 3.0, 3.2, and 3.3 m, respectively, for the three operating modes, which has been tested for an RFID reader with only 0.4 W error interrupt pending register (EIPR). The paper shows that the simulated and measured results are in good agreement with each other.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 2 )