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Ground Moving Target Extraction in a Multichannel Wide-Area Surveillance SAR/GMTI System via the Relaxed PCP

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5 Author(s)
He Yan ; Space Microwave Remote Sensing System Department, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China ; Robert Wang ; Fei Li ; Yunkai Deng
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This letter presents a novel approach for extracting moving targets in a multichannel wide-area surveillance radar system. In the algorithm, after proper preprocessing and matrix combination, the combined matrix of radar echoes can be regarded as the superposition of three matrices, namely, a low-rank matrix of ground clutter, a sparse matrix of moving targets, and an entry-wise matrix of noise component. Then, the recently proposed relaxed version of principal component pursuit is used to realize ground clutter (low-rank matrix) and moving target (sparse matrix) separation under the influence of entry-wise noise. Both simulation and real data processing results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. In addition, the results show the advantage of the proposed method in a nonhomogeneous environment when compared with a reduced-dimension space-time adaptive processing method.

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IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 3 )