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1880-nm Broadband ASE Generation With Bismuth–Thulium Codoped Fiber

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10 Author(s)
Halder, A. ; Fiber Opt. & Photonics Div., Central Glass & Ceramic Res. Inst., Kolkata, India ; Paul, M.C. ; Harun, S.W. ; Ali, S.M.M.
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A broadband amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) generation in 1880-nm region is demonstrated by employing a newly developed single-mode Tm-Bi codoped fiber (TBF) in conjunction with 793-nm pumping for the first time. The TBF was obtained by drawing a preform, which was fabricated using a deposition of porous layer by the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process in conjunction with solution doping technique. The highest Bi3+ and Tm3+ concentrations of 0.35 wt.% and 0.9 wt.%, respectively, were successfully achieved to generate ASE centered at 1880-nm region. The ASE peaked at - 47.2 dBm with 3-dB spectral width ranging from 1817 to 1984 nm with 1.0-m-long TBF and 200-mW 793-nm pump power, which was generated due to the transition of thulium ions from 3 F4 to 3H6 with some assistance from bismuth to thulium ion energy transfer. The use of a secondary pump of 1550 nm is also shown to improve the ASE generation.

Published in:

Photonics Journal, IEEE  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 6 )