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Real-time 1-D/2-D transient elastography on a standard ultrasound scanner using mechanically induced vibration

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3 Author(s)
Azar, R.Z. ; Dept. of R&D, Ultrasonix Med. Corp., Richmond, BC, Canada ; Dickie, K. ; Pelissier, L.

Transient elastography has been well established in the literature as a means of assessing the elasticity of soft tissue. In this technique, tissue elasticity is estimated from the study of the propagation of the transient shear waves induced by an external or internal source of vibration. Previous studies have focused mainly on custom single-element transducers and ultrafast scanners which are not available in a typical clinical setup. In this work, we report the design and implementation of a transient elastography system on a standard ultrasound scanner that enables quantitative assessment of tissue elasticity in real-time. Two new custom imaging modes are introduced that enable the system to image the axial component of the transient shear wave, in response to an externally induced vibration, in both 1-D and 2-D. Elasticity reconstruction algorithms that estimate the tissue elasticity from these transient waves are also presented. Simulation results are provided to show the advantages and limitations of the proposed system. The performance of the system is also validated experimentally using a commercial elasticity phantom.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 10 )