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A 19-Gb/s Serial Link Receiver With Both 4-Tap FFE and 5-Tap DFE Functions in 45-nm SOI CMOS

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6 Author(s)
Ankur Agrawal ; IBM Research Division, T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA ; John F. Bulzacchelli ; Timothy O. Dickson ; Yong Liu
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This paper presents the design of a 19-Gb/s serial link receiver with both 4-tap feed-forward equalizer (FFE) and 5-tap decision-feedback equalizer (DFE), thereby making the equalization system self-contained in the receiver. This design extends existing power-efficient DFEs based on current-integrating summers and adds FFE functionality to the DFE circuit infrastructure for an efficient implementation. Key techniques for implementing receive-side FFE are: the use of multiphase quarter-rate sample-and-hold circuits for generating multiple time-shifted input data signals, time-based analog multiplication for FFE coefficient weighting, and a merged FFE/DFE summer. The receiver test chip, implemented in a 45-nm silicon-on-insulator (SOI) CMOS technology, occupies 0.07 mm2 and has a power efficiency of 6.2 mW/Gb/s at 19 Gb/s. Step-reponse characterization of the receiver demonstrates accurate FFE computation. The receiver equalizes a 35-in PCB trace at 17 Gb/s with a channel loss of 30 dB at 8.5 GHz and a 20-in PCB trace at 19 Gb/s with a channel loss of 25 dB at 9.5 GHz.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 12 )