Skip to Main Content
The phase noise of phase/frequency detectors can significantly raise the in-band phase noise of frequency synthesizers, corrupting the modulated signal. This paper analyzes the phase noise mechanisms in CMOS phase/frequency detectors and applies the results to two different topologies. It is shown that an octave increase in the input frequency raises the phase noise by 6 dB if flicker noise is dominant and by 3 dB if white noise is dominant. An optimization methodology is also proposed that lowers the phase noise by 4 to 8 dB for a given power consumption. Simulation and analytical results agree to within 3.1 dB for the two topologies at different frequencies.