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This paper reports on performances enhancement of photoconductive switches in term of On/Off ratio and insertion losses. The optimization parameters on which the research has been focused are gap dimensions reduction to nanometer scale. The device characterization results up to a microwave frequency of 40 GHz and under CW illumination at a wavelength of 800 nm are presented. On/Off ratio reveals a value of 13 dB at 20 GHz under 100 mW optical power.