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New algorithms for the continuous wavelet transform are developed that are easy to apply, each consisting of a single-pass finite impulse response (FIR) filter, and several times faster than the fastest existing algorithms. The single-pass filter, named WT-FIR-1, is made possible by applying constraint equations to least-squares estimation of filter coefficients, which removes the need for separate low-pass and high-pass filters. Non-dyadic two-scale relations are developed and it is shown that filters based on them can work more efficiently than dyadic ones. Example applications to the Mexican hat wavelet are presented.