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Innovative Second-Generation Wavelets Construction With Recurrent Neural Networks for Solar Radiation Forecasting

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3 Author(s)
Giacomo Capizzi ; Department of Electrical, Electronics, and Informatics Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy ; Christian Napoli ; Francesco Bonanno

Solar radiation prediction is an important challenge for the electrical engineer because it is used to estimate the power developed by commercial photovoltaic modules. This paper deals with the problem of solar radiation prediction based on observed meteorological data. A 2-day forecast is obtained by using novel wavelet recurrent neural networks (WRNNs). In fact, these WRNNS are used to exploit the correlation between solar radiation and timescale-related variations of wind speed, humidity, and temperature. The input to the selected WRNN is provided by timescale-related bands of wavelet coefficients obtained from meteorological time series. The experimental setup available at the University of Catania, Italy, provided this information. The novelty of this approach is that the proposed WRNN performs the prediction in the wavelet domain and, in addition, also performs the inverse wavelet transform, giving the predicted signal as output. The obtained simulation results show a very low root-mean-square error compared to the results of the solar radiation prediction approaches obtained by hybrid neural networks reported in the recent literature.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 11 )