Skip to Main Content
This paper considers a scenario for multi-user multi-input multi-output (MIMO) communication systems when perfect channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) is given while the equivalent channel state information at the receiver (CSIR) is not available. Such an assumption is valid for the downlink multi-user MIMO systems with linear precoders that depend on channels to all receivers. We propose a concept called dual systems with zero-forcing design based on the duality principle, originally proposed to relate the Gaussian multi-access channel (MAC) and the Gaussian broadcast channel (BC). For the K-user N×2 MIMO BC with N antennas at the transmitter and two antennas at each of the K receivers, we design a downlink interference cancellation (IC) transmission scheme by obtaining the dual of uplink MAC systems employing IC methods. The transmitter simultaneously sends K precoded Alamouti codes, one for each user. Each receiver zero-forces the unintended user's Alamouti codes and decouples its own data streams using two simple linear operations independent of CSIR. Analysis shows that the proposed scheme achieves a diversity gain of 2(N - K + 1) for equal energy constellations with short-term power and rate constraints. Power allocation among K users can also be performed to improve the array gain but not the diversity gain. Numerical results demonstrate that the bit error rate of the downlink IC scheme has a diversity gain improvement compared to the block diagonalization (BD) method, which requires global channel information at each node.