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A Novel Myoelectric Pattern Recognition Strategy for Hand Function Restoration After Incomplete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

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2 Author(s)
Jie Liu ; Sensory Motor Performance Program (SMPP), Rehabilitation Inst. of Chicago (RIC), Chicago, IL, USA ; Ping Zhou

This study presents a novel myoelectric pattern recognition strategy towards restoration of hand function after incomplete cervical spinal cord Injury (SCI). High density surface electromyogram (EMG) signals comprised of 57 channels were recorded from the forearm of nine subjects with incomplete cervical SCI while they tried to perform six different hand grasp patterns. A series of pattern recognition algorithms with different EMG feature sets and classifiers were implemented to identify the intended tasks of each SCI subject. High average overall accuracies (>; 97%) were achieved in classification of seven different classes (six intended hand grasp patterns plus a hand rest pattern), indicating that substantial motor control information can be extracted from partially paralyzed muscles of SCI subjects. Such information can potentially enable volitional control of assistive devices, thereby facilitating restoration of hand function. Furthermore, it was possible to maintain high levels of classification accuracy with a very limited number of electrodes selected from the high density surface EMG recordings. This demonstrates clinical feasibility and robustness in the concept of using myoelectric pattern recognition techniques toward improved function restoration for individuals with spinal injury.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 1 )