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An approximation procedure is developed for the analysis of tandem configurations consisting of single server finite queues linked in series. External arrivals occur at the first queue which may be either finite or infinite. Departures from the queuing network may only occur from the last queue. All service times and interarrival times are assumed to be exponentially distributed. The approximation algorithm gives results in the form of the marginal probability distribution of the number of units in each queue of the tandem configuration. Other performance measures, such as mean queue-length and throughput, can be readily obtained. The approximation procedure was validated using exact and simulation data. The approximate results seem to have an acceptable error level.
Date of Publication: March 1986