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Noise equivalent circuit of linear passive two-ports with applications to transmission lines

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1 Author(s)
Agouridis, D.C. ; Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge, TN, USA

A new representation of the thermal noise of linear passive two-ports, expressed in terms of the Thevenin equivalent circuit and convenient to circuit designers, has been derived. This representation is applied to the determination of the contribution of the noise of a transmission line (a special case of a two-port) to the total noise of a noise thermometer system. Preliminary experimental results from measurement of temperature with a noise thermometer connected via a long transmission line encourages further development of practical noise thermometers.

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:IM-31 ,  Issue: 2 )