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This paper presents a novel technique to suppress common-mode electromagnetic interference (EMI) using a digital active EMI filter (DAEF). The DAEF control technique is concurrently implemented with a digital controller of a grid-tied photovoltaic microinverter. A brief description of the microinverter architecture and its inverter circuit is illustrated. The inverter stability is investigated using the overall transfer function. Accordingly, the system compensation is designed based on the direct quadrant (DQ) reference frame control technique. Finally, the proposed digital controller is tested on a grid-connected 200-W dc-ac microinverter. The experiment results validate the effectiveness of the proposed technique. Compared with the conventional passive EMI filter, the proposed digital controller can achieve an equivalent or better performance in terms of EMI suppression and maintain stability within the operation bandwidth. Therefore, the embedded DAEF can significantly reduce the size, cost, and space of the overall power inverter printed circuit board without the need of a conventional passive EMI filter.
Date of Publication: June 2013