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Time delay estimation in a reverberant environment by low rate sampling of impulsive acoustic sources

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4 Author(s)
Omer, M. ; Electr. Eng. Deptartment, King Fahd Univ. of Pet. & Miner., Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ; Quadeer, A.A. ; Sharawi, M.S. ; Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

This paper presents a new method of time delay estimation (TDE) using low sample rates of an impulsive acoustic source in a room environment. The proposed method finds the time delay from the room impulse response (RIR) which makes it robust against room reverberations. The RIR is considered a sparse phenomenon and a recently proposed sparse signal reconstruction technique called orthogonal clustering (OC) is utilized for its estimation from the low rate sampled received signal. The arrival time of the direct path signal at a pair of microphones is identified from the estimated RIR and their difference yields the desired time delay. Low sampling rates reduce the hardware and computational complexity and decrease the communication between the microphones and the centralized location. The performance of the proposed technique is demonstrated by numerical simulations and experimental results.

Published in:

Information Science, Signal Processing and their Applications (ISSPA), 2012 11th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

2-5 July 2012

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