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This paper proposes new approach based on mathematical modeling to optimization modes and conditions of ultrasonic influence to increase efficiency of technological processes. For the analysis of processes, a general ultrasonic technological processes scheme taking into account the main physical effects that determine the course of processes depending on the physical state and location of the active medium with respect to the treated passive protection, which limits the active medium. The feature of the mathematical model of ultrasonic process is accounting for viscous effects in gas and liquid active medium that have not been previously investigated. Taking into account their impact the optimal modes and conditions of ultrasonic treatment were calculated. Determined optimal modes and conditions will provide the development of specialized ultrasound equipment for industrial applications with maximum efficiency.