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A High Slow-Wave Factor Microstrip Structure With Simple Design Formulas and Its Application to Microwave Circuit Design

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2 Author(s)
Wei-Shin Chang ; Inst. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Chi-Yang Chang

This paper proposes a new microstrip slow-wave structure. The unit cell comprises a Schiffman section of meander line and a shunt open-circuited stub. No via-holes and ground-plane patterns are required. Simple design formulas can be used to obtain line parameters, such as the characteristic impedance and phase velocity. According to the analysis, the characteristic impedance and slow-wave factor of the proposed slow-wave line can be independently controlled by merely two layout parameters. The proposed uniplanar structure only requires a single-layer substrate and is simply constructed using the conventional printed circuit board manufacturing process. A branch-line and a rat-race coupler were designed and fabricated using the proposed structure to demonstrate its feasibility. Their sizes are only 8.49% and 4.87% of the conventional ones, respectively. This novel slow-wave structure should find wide applications in compact microwave circuits.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 11 )