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Frequency Selective Surfaces for Beam-Switching Applications

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2 Author(s)
Edalati, A. ; Ellumen, Inc., Arlington, VA, USA ; Denidni, T.A.

A novel design of a beam-switching antenna based on reconfigurable frequency selective surfaces (FSSs) is presented. The antenna is composed of a cylindrical FSS with PIN diodes and divided into six equal sectors by metallic sheets. Metallic cones at the top and bottom of the structure are used to create a directive beam. The antenna is fed by a simple dipole at its center. To switch the radiation pattern of the antenna, the diodes in one FSS-sector are set off to be transparent to the incident EM waves, whereas the diodes in other sectors are on to reflect the incident wave. The direction of the radiation pattern is defined by the off-state sector. In this design, the beam-switching is achieved with only one layer and minimum size of the cylindrical active FSS in order to decrease the number of active elements, and the amount of the power supply. The antenna can sweep the entire azimuth plane with 60° radiation beamwidth in six steps. The fabricated antenna prototype operates from 2.3 GHz to 3 GHz with maximum measured gain of 10 dBi and 3-dB beamwidth of 60°. This antenna can be used in the base station of the wireless communication systems.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 1 )