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A Radiometric Calibration Model for the Field Imaging Spectrometer System

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4 Author(s)
Huang, C. ; State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China ; Zhang, L. ; Fang, J. ; Tong, Q.

Using the field imaging spectrometer system (FISS) recently developed by us, a new operational radiometric calibration (RC) model that takes into account three main adjustable sensor system settings, including the integration time $(t)$, the aperture $(F)$, and the detector temperature $(T)$, is proposed. To better understand the influence of a single setting on the RC model, controlled experiments with one variable and two fixed settings were conducted and analyzed using a well-calibrated integrating sphere. Subsequently, a new variable was constructed with the ratio of $t$ and $F^{2}$ to determine the system-setting-based RC model, where the radiometric offset was derived from system noise estimated by keeping the FISS entrance slit from a light source in a dark environment. Finally, the model was evaluated using experimental calibration results from the integrating-sphere data and real vegetation data. The results indicated that standard and calculated radiances were consistent over most spectral wavelengths. The proposed RC model could be effectively applied not only for the FISS and other ground-based sensors but also for future Chinese-developed intelligent remote sensing satellite systems that can automatically modify imaging settings in line with specific requirements.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 4 )