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The application of SRAM-based field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) in mission-critical systems requires error-mitigation and recovery techniques to protect them from the errors caused by high-energy radiation, also known as single event upsets (SEUs). For this, modular redundancy and runtime partial reconfiguration are commonly employed techniques. However, the reported solutions feature different tradeoffs in the area overhead and the fault latency. In this paper, we propose a low area-overhead SEU recovery mechanism and describe its application in different self-recoverable architectures, which are experimentally evaluated using a specially designed fault-emulation environment. The environment enables the user to inject faults at selected locations of the configuration memory and experimentally evaluate the reliability of the developed solutions.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2012