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TanDEM-X Water Indication Mask: Generation and First Evaluation Results

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6 Author(s)
Anna Wendleder ; German Remote Sensing Data Center, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Wessling, Germany ; Birgit Wessel ; Achim Roth ; Markus Breunig
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The German SAR interferometry mission TanDEM-X performed on two TerraSAR-X satellites flying in close formation will provide a global Digital Elevation Model (DEM). A by-product is so-called the Water Indication Mask (WAM). The purpose of this supplementary information layer is to support the DEM editing process. Water surfaces usually show lower coherence in an interferometric data set due to temporal de-correlation and low backscattering. Consequently the corresponding elevation values derived from the interferogram are random and produce a virtual relief. This paper introduces the operational water body detection workflow that synergistically evaluates amplitude and coherence information. The presented results of two test sites reveal that the methodology is globally applicable, classifications are highly accurate and the algorithm is appropriate for operational image processing. The water body detection consists of two steps: the Water Body Detection (WBD) derived of one single DEM scene and the mosaicking of multiple WBD to a single Water Indication Mask (WAM). The fusion strategy for the final TanDEM-X WAM considers all WBD acquired at different times in two global coverages and bases on a fusion by union containing the results of the amplitude and the coherence.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )