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A 60-GHz Active Receiving Switched-Beam Antenna Array With Integrated Butler Matrix and GaAs Amplifiers

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5 Author(s)
Patterson, C.E. ; Sch. of ECE, Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Khan, W.T. ; Ponchak, G.E. ; May, G.S.
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This paper presents for the first time a 60-GHz receiving switched-beam antenna on organic liquid crystal polymer (LCP) platform. A 4 × 1 quasi-Yagi array is incorporated with a 4 × 4 Butler matrix beamforming network and GaAs low-noise amplifiers on an LCP substrate. The active beam is controlled by GaAs single-pole-double-throw switches to access the four output states of the Butler matrix. The entire 4 × 1 active array is 1.4 cm × 1.75 cm and consumes 1.1 W of dc power. Successful comparisons of the measured and simulated results verify a working phased array with a return loss better than 10 dB across the frequency band of 56.7-63.7 GHz. A comparison of radiation patterns demonstrate beam steering of ±40° with a peak active gain of 27.5 dB. The combined antenna and receiver noise performance at 60 GHz exhibits an estimated merit G/T of -18.6 dB/K and noise figure of 5.4 dB.

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Nov. 2012

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