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A Data-Adaptive Compressed Sensing Approach to Polarimetric SAR Tomography of Forested Areas

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3 Author(s)
Esteban Aguilera ; Microwaves and Radar Institute (HR), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Wessling, Germany ; Matteo Nannini ; Andreas Reigber

Super-resolution imaging via compressed sensing (CS)-based spectral estimators has been recently introduced to synthetic aperture radar (SAR) tomography. In the case of partial scatterers, the mainstream has so far been twofold, in that the tomographic reconstruction is conducted by either directly working with multiple looks and/or polarimetric channels or by exploiting the corresponding single-channel second-order statistics. In this letter, we unify these two methodologies in the context of covariance fitting. In essence, we exploit the fact that both vertical structures and the unknown polarimetric signatures can be approximated in a low-dimensional subspace. For this purpose, we make use of a wavelet basis in order to sparsely represent vertical structures. Additionally, we synthesize a data-adaptive orthonormal basis that spans the space of polarimetric signatures. Finally, we validate this approach by using fully polarimetric L-band data acquired by the E-SAR sensor of the German Aerospace Center (DLR).

Published in:

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 3 )