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High-Efficiency Doherty Power Amplifiers: Historical Aspect and Modern Trends

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2 Author(s)
Grebennikov, A. ; Bell Labs Ireland, Alcatel-Lucent, Dublin 15, ; Bulja, S.

In modern wireless communication systems, it is very important to realize simultaneously high-efficiency and linear operation of power amplifiers. This paper-overview describes the historical aspect of the Doherty approach to the power-amplifier design introduced in 1936 and modern trends in Doherty amplifier (DA) design techniques using multistage and asymmetric multiway architectures. To increase efficiency over the power backoff range, the switchmode class-E, conventional class-F, or inverse class-F operation mode by controlling the second and third harmonics can be used in the load network. The DA with a series-connected load, and inverted, push–pull, balanced, and parallel Doherty architectures are also described and discussed. Finally, examples of the lumped DA implemented in monolithic microwave integrated circuits, digitally driven Doherty technique, and broadband capability of the two-stage DA are given.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:100 ,  Issue: 12 )