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Adaptive Continuous Current Source Drivers for 1-MHz Boost PFC Converters

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3 Author(s)
Zhiliang Zhang ; Jiangsu Key Lab. of New Energy Generation & Power Conversion, Nanjing Univ. of Aeronaut. & Astronaut., Nanjing, China ; Pengcheng Xu ; Yan-Fei Liu

Recently, current source drivers (CSDs) have been proposed to reduce the switching loss and gate drive loss in megahertz (MHz) dc-dc converters, in which the duty cycle normally has a steady-state value. However, different from dc-dc converters, the duty cycle of the power factor correction (PFC) converters is modulated fast and has a wide operation range during a half-line period in ac-dc applications. In this paper, an adaptive full-bridge CSD is proposed for the boost PFC converters. The proposed CSD can build adaptive drive current inherently depending on the drain current of the main power MOSFET. Compared to the CSDs with the constant drive current, the advantage of the adaptive drive current is able to reduce the switching loss further when the MOSFET is with a higher switching current, while minimize the drive circuit loss when the MOSFET is with a lower switching current. Therefore, the adaptive CSD is able to realize better design tradeoff between the switching loss and drive circuit loss so that the efficiency can be optimized in a wide operation range. Furthermore, no additional auxiliary circuit and control are needed to realize the adaptive current by the proposed CSD. The experimental results verified the functionality and advantages. For a 1-MHz/300-W boost PFC converter, the proposed CSD improves the efficiency from 89% using a conventional voltage driver to 92.2% (an improvement of 3.2%) with 110 Vac input, 380 V output, and full-load condition.

Published in:

Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 5 )