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The Artificial societies, Computational experiments, and Parallel execution (ACP) approach provides us an opportunity to look into new methods that address transportation problems from new perspectives. In this paper, we present our work and results of applying the ACP approach on modeling and analyzing transportation systems, particularly carrying out computational experiments based on artificial transportation systems (ATSs). Two aspects in the modeling process are analyzed. The first is growing an ATS from the bottom up using agent-based technologies. The second is modeling environmental impacts under the principle of “simple is consistent.” Finally, three computational experiments are carried out on one specific ATS, i.e., Jinan-ATS, and numerical results are presented to illustrate the applications of our method.