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Data visualisation and identification of anomalies in power system state estimation using artificial neural networks

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3 Author(s)
Souza, J.C.S. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Fluminense Federal Univ., Brazil ; Leite da Silva, A.M. ; Alves da Silva, A.P.

Bad data identification is one of the most important and complex problems to be addressed during power system state estimation, particularly when both analogical and topological errors (branch or bus misconfigurations) are to be considered. The paper proposes a new method that is capable of distinguishing between analogical and topological errors, and also of identifying which are the bad measurements or the misconfigured elements due to unreported or incorrectly reported line outages, bus splits etc. The method explores the discrimination capability of the normalised innovations (the differences between the latest acquired measurements and their corresponding predicted quantities), which are used as input variables to an artificial neural network that provides, in the output, the anomaly identification. Data projection techniques are also used to visualise and confirm the discrimination capability of the normalised innovations. The method is tested using the IEEE 24-bus test system, where several types of errors have been simulated, including single and multiple bad measurements, topology errors involving branches or buses etc

Published in:

Generation, Transmission and Distribution, IEE Proceedings-  (Volume:144 ,  Issue: 5 )