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The slant range of a radar maneuvering target is usually modeled as a multivariate function in terms of its illumination time and multiple motion parameters. This multivariate range function includes the modulations on both the envelope and the phase of an echo of the coherent radar target and provides the foundation for radar target motion estimation. In this paper, the maximum likelihood estimators (MLE) are derived for motion estimation of a maneuvering target based on joint envelope and phase measurement, phase-only measurement and envelope-only measurement in case of high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), respectively. It is shown that the proposed MLEs are to search the maximums of the outputs of the proposed generalized Radon-Fourier transform (GRFT), generalized Radon transform (GRT) and generalized Fourier transform (GFT), respectively. Furthermore, by approximating the slant range function by a high-order polynomial, the inherent accuracy limitations, i.e., the Cramer-Rao low bounds (CRLB), and some analysis are given for high order motion parameter estimations in different scenarios. Finally, some numerical experimental results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2012