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The control of car following is essential due to its safety and its operational efficiency. For this purpose, this paper employs a linear and continuous model of car following and presents a Model Predictive Control (MPC) controller. An important advantage of this type of control is its ability to cope with constraints on controls. Since safety and operational efficiency are constraints for car following, therefore we have recruited this type of controller in this study to deal with these constraints. Based on the relative distance and relative acceleration of each instant, the MPC predicts the future behavior of the leader vehicle (LV) and according to this behavior, the acceleration of the follower vehicle (FV) is controlled. The MPC tries to control this acceleration in a way to keep the relative distance at a safe region. To investigate the performance of the designed controller, the result of the system is compared with the behavior of real drivers with similar initial conditions. The simulation results show that the MPC controller has a behavior much safer than that of real drivers and it can provide a pleasant trip for passengers.
Date of Conference: 24-27 July 2012