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We present a 4 : 1 superconducting transmission-line impedance transformer for cryogenic applications. The device transforms 25 Ω in the coplanar waveguide to 6.25 Ω in the microstrip and is designed to operate at 20 mK. Calibrated measurements in a dilution refrigerator demonstrate a -3 dB bandwidth from 1.6 to 13 GHz. In a modified Ruthroff design, a small capacitor is integrated at the input as a direct-current block, making it suitable for biasing and matching to low-impedance active circuits, such as superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) amplifiers.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2012