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Measured efficiency of a ZnO nanostructured diode piezoelectric energy harvesting device

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3 Author(s)
Briscoe, J. ; Centre for Materials Research, School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom ; Bilotti, E. ; Dunn, S.

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We used controlled bending of a ZnO/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrenesulfonate) diode at known strain rates to measure the mechanical-to-electrical energy conversion efficiency. The mechanical energy input into the nanostructured diode was measured as 330 ± 2 nJ cm-2. The electrical energy output was calculated by integrating the product of the short-circuit current and open-circuit voltage over time. This gives a measured external efficiency of the device at a bending rate of 500 mm/min of 0.0067%. The efficiency increased exponentially with bending rate, though this increase must slow as the mechanical coupling efficiency is approached, which gives a maximum possible efficiency of 23% for ZnO.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 9 )