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Development of a Cost-Effective Modular Pixelated NaI(Tl) Detector for Clinical SPECT Applications

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3 Author(s)
Rozler, M. ; Dept. of Diagnostic Radiol., Rush Univ., Chicago, IL, USA ; Haoning Liang ; Wei Chang

A new pixelated detector for high-resolution clinical SPECT applications was designed and tested. The modular detector is based on a scintillator block comprised of 2.75 × 2.75 × 10 mm3 NaI(Tl) pixels and decoded by an array of 51 mm diameter single-anode PMTs. Several configurations, utilizing two types of PMTs, were evaluated using a collimated beam source to measure positioning accuracy directly. Good pixel separation was observed, with correct pixel identification ranging from 60 to 72% averaged over the entire area of the modules, depending on the PMT type and configuration. This translates to a significant improvement in positioning accuracy compared to continuous slab detectors of the same thickness, along with effective reduction of “dead” space at the edges. The observed 10% average energy resolution compares well to continuous slab detectors. The combined performance demonstrates the suitability of pixelated detectors decoded with a relatively small number of medium-sized PMTs as a cost-effective approach for high resolution clinical SPECT applications, in particular those involving curved detector geometries.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 5 )