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A Shared-Aperture Dual-Band Planar Array With Self-Similar Printed Folded Dipoles

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6 Author(s)
Naishadham, K. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; RongLin Li ; Li Yang ; Wu, T.
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Light-weight antenna arrays require utilizing the same antenna aperture to provide multiple functions (e.g., communications and radar) in separate frequency bands. In this paper, we present a novel antenna element design for a dual-band array, comprising interleaved printed dipoles spaced to avoid grating lobes in each band. The folded dipoles are designed to be resonant at octave-separated frequency bands (1 and 2 GHz), and inkjet-printed on photographic paper. Each dipole is gap-fed by voltage induced electromagnetically from a microstrip line on the other side of the substrate. This nested element configuration shows excellent corroboration between simulated and measured data, with 10-dB return loss bandwidth of at least 5% for each band and interchannel isolation better than 15 dB. The measured element gain is 5.3 to 7 dBi in the two bands, with cross-polarization less than -25 dBi. A large array containing 39 printed dipoles has been fabricated on paper, with each dipole individually fed to facilitate independent beam control. Measurements on the array reveal broadside gain of 12 to 17 dBi in each band with low cross-polarization.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 2 )