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A wafer-level vacuum package with silicon bumps and electrical feedthroughs on the cap wafer is developed for a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) resonator device. A MEMS resonator wafer and a cap wafer are bonded together in a vacuum chamber using glass frit bonding. The cap wafer not only provides a vacuum chamber to protect the movable resonator structure and improve the resonant performance but also realizes the redistribution of the electrical feedthroughs by using the silicon bumps. The silicon bumps provide vertical interconnections between the cap wafer and the resonator wafer, which realizes the bonding pads “transferring” from the resonator wafer to the cap wafer. A gold-aluminum eutectic is used to ensure electrical contacts between the cap wafer and the device wafer. The device fabrication and glass frit hermetic bonding process as well as the packaged MEMS resonator characterization are presented in this paper. Experimental results show that the wafer-level vacuum-packaged MEMS resonator results in over 100× higher quality factor (Q) than the resonator vibrating in atmosphere pressure, which confirms the transmission performance improvement due to vacuum packaging. Vacuum inside the package is measured indirectly by measuring the Q of the MEMS resonator inside the package. The experimental results indicate that vacuum about 1 mbar can be sealed in this approach.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2012