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Direction finding of coexisted independent and coherent signals using electromagnetic vector sensor

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2 Author(s)
Ming Diao ; College of Information and Communication Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, P. R. China ; Chunlian An

The existing direction of arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms based on the electromagnetic vector sensors array barely deal with the coexisting of independent and coherent signals. A two-dimensional direction finding method using an L-shape electromagnetic vector sensors array is proposed. According to this method, the DOAs of the independent signals and the coherent signals are estimated separately, so that the array aperture can be exploited sufficiently. Firstly, the DOAs of the independent signals are estimated by the estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance techniques, and the influence of the coherent signals can be eliminated by utilizing the property of the coherent signals. Then the data covariance matrix containing the information of the coherent signals only is obtained by exploiting the Toeplitz property of the independent signals, and an improved polarimetric angular smoothing technique is proposed to de-correlate the coherent signals. This new method is more practical in actual signal environment than common DOA estimation algorithms and can expand the array aperture. Simulation results are presented to show the estimating performance of the proposed method.

Published in:

Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 4 )