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Polarized Emission From InGaN Light-Emitting Diodes With Self-Assembled Nanosphere Coatings

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3 Author(s)
Qian Zhang ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China ; Kwai Hei Li ; Hoi Wai Choi

The polarization behavior of light emission from InGaN light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with nanosphere opal coatings has been studied. The close-packed nanosphere opal films are self-assembled with 220-nm polystyrene nanospheres onto the LEDs. The optical transmission properties of transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarized light have been measured as a function of detection angle; an integrated p/s ratio of 2.2 has been obtained at a detection angle of 70°. The polarization of light propagating through the opal film is strongly related to the photonic bandgap of the 3-D photonic crystal and is also dependent upon the angle of incidence. Theoretical calculations by the transfer matrix method are found to be consistent with the measured results.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 18 )