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The energy that has to be spent for the successful submission of one Bit is an important figure of merit for the performance analysis and optimization of modern wireless communication systems. The many factors which are influencing this performance parameter range from the efficiency of the User Equipment's (UE) power amplifier to the average path loss, the Transmit Power Control (TPC) parametrization and the fading characteristics of the radio channel. Although many of the relationships can be analytically modeled, the aim of this paper is to present reliable measurements based on commercially available Long Term Evolution (LTE) hardware. Therefore, extensive User Datagram Protocol (UDP) data rate measurements have been performed in a mobile communications laboratory for different radio channel conditions. The impact of the mobile fading channel was emulated by a sophisticated radio channel emulator. Beside this, the on average consumed power of the LTE UE was measured during data transmission. From the results of these measurements, quantitative figures on the energy efficiency are presented for different LTE frequency bands and different radio channels. The results show that major energy savings are possible if the 800 MHz frequency band, which becomes available as part of the digital dividend, can be used for user with bad channel conditions. Considering energy efficiency as a Quality of Service (QoS) parameter of increasing importance the results presented in this paper allow for a context sensitive optimization in a way that the Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) switching points as well as the frequency band are chosen with respect to the UE's condition.