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Random addressable 2048×2048 active pixel image sensor

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3 Author(s)
Scheffer, D. ; IMEC, Leuven, Belgium ; Dierickx, B. ; Meynants, G.

In this paper, we discuss the design, design issues, fabrication, and performance of a 2048×2048 active pixel image sensor in a 0.5-μm standard CMOS process. Each pixel, 7.5×7.5 μm2 , consists of three transistors and a photo diode, resulting in a 12-million transistor chip with a die size of 16.3×16.5 mm. The pixel has a nonintegrating direct readout architecture, with a logarithmic light-to-voltage conversion. This allows the array to be fully random accessible, both in space and time. The sensor has eight analog outputs, each with a pixel rate of 4.5 MHz, which implies a maximum frame rate of eight full frames per second. Sub-sampling or windowing makes higher frame rates possible. The yield of the sensor is high if one accepts a small number of bad pixels

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 10 )