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CMOS image sensors: electronic camera-on-a-chip

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1 Author(s)
Fossum, E.R. ; Photobit, La Crescenta, CA, USA

CMOS active pixel sensors (APS) have performance competitive with charge-coupled device (CCD) technology, and offer advantages in on-chip functionality, system power reduction, cost, and miniaturization. This paper discusses the requirements for CMOS image sensors and their historical development, CMOS devices and circuits for pixels, analog signal chain, and on-chip analog-to-digital conversion are reviewed and discussed

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 10 )