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Active Q control may be used to modify the effective quality (Q) factor of an atomic force microscope (AFM) micro-cantilever when operating in tapping mode. The control system uses velocity feedback to obtain an effective cantilever Q factor to achieve optimal scan speed and image resolution for the imaging environment and sample type. Time delay of the cantilever displacement signal is the most common method of cantilever velocity estimation. Spill-over effects from unmodeled dynamics may degrade the closed loop system performance, possibly resulting in system instability, when time delay velocity estimation is used. A resonant controller is proposed in this work as an alternate method of velocity estimation. This new controller has guaranteed closed loop stability, is easy to tune, and may be fitted into existing commercial AFMs with minimal modification. Images of a calibration grating are obtained using this controller to demonstrate its effectiveness.