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Deeply Pipelined Digit-Serial LDPC Decoding

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3 Author(s)
Marshall, P.A. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada ; Gaudet, V.C. ; Elliott, D.G.

Highly parallel VLSI implementations of low-density parity-check (LDPC) decoders have a large number of interconnections, which can result in designs with low logic density. Bit-serial architectures have been developed that reduce the number of wires needed, however, they do not fully realize the potential for deeply pipelined serial data processing. Digit- online arithmetic allows operations to be performed in a serial, digit-by-digit manner, making it ideal for use in implementing a digit-serial LDPC decoder. Digit-online circuits for the primitive operations required for an offset min-sum LDPC decoder are simple, and allow deep pipelining at the digit level. A new hardware architecture for LDPC decoding is demonstrated, using redundant number systems for the internal representation of values. We present post-layout decoder results for the (2048, 1723) 10GBASE-T LDPC code in a general-purpose 65 nm CMOS technology. The decoder requires a core area of 10.89 mm and operates at a clock frequency of 980 MHz. The decoder can simultaneously decode two 4-bit frames at 41.8 Gbit/s or one 10-bit frame at 20.9 Gbit/s.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 12 )