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A 60 GHz power amplifier (PA) for a direct-conversion transceiver using standard 90 nm CMOS technology is reported. The PA comprises three cascaded common-source stages with inductive load and inter-stage matching. To increase the saturated output power (Psat) and power-added efficiency (PAE), the output stage adopts a two-way power dividing and combining architecture. Instead of the area-consumed Wilkinson power divider and combiner, a miniature low-loss LC power divider and a combiner are used. This in turn results in further Psat and PAE enhancement. Over the 57-64-GHz band of interest, the PA consumes 44.4-mW and achieves a power gain (S21) of 12.04±1 dB. At 60 GHz, the PA achieves Psat of 11.4 mW and a maximum PAE of 15.8%. To the authors knowledge, this is the best PAE ever reported for a 60 GHz CMOS PA. These results demonstrate the proposed PA architecture is very promising for 60 GHz short-range communication systems.
Date of Publication: August 16 2012