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Broadband beamfoming using Nested Planar Arrays and 3D FIR frustum filters

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2 Author(s)
Moazzen, I. ; Dept. of ECE, Univ. of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada ; Agathoklis, P.

A topology of planar array called Nested Planar Arrays (NPAs) is used for broadband beamforming. The NPAs consist of several Uniform Planar Arrays (UPAs), each one with the double element distance of the previous array. The signals from these arrays are fed into different subbands which process different octaves of temporal frequency bands. The combination of NPAs and multirate techniques leads to the same 3D frustum filter frequency specifications for all subbands. The passband of these 3D frustum filters does not include the low temporal frequencies where it is difficult to achieve high selectivity. Simulation results indicate that with the same number of sensors, NPA can achieve longer aperture size compared to a UPA and thus higher selectivity particularly for lower temporal frequencies. For the same aperture size, NPA can be implemented with much less sensors and much less computations than a UPA with small deterioration in the performance.

Published in:

Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2012 IEEE International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

20-23 May 2012