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dOpenCL: Towards a Uniform Programming Approach for Distributed Heterogeneous Multi-/Many-Core Systems

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3 Author(s)
Philipp Kegel ; Dept. of Math. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Munster, Munster, Germany ; Michel Steuwer ; Sergei Gorlatch

Modern computer systems are becoming increasingly heterogeneous by comprising multi-core CPUs, GPUs, and other accelerators. Current programming approaches for such systems usually require the application developer to use a combination of several programming models (e.g., MPI with OpenCL or CUDA) in order to exploit the full compute capability of a system. In this paper, we presentd OpenCL (Distributed OpenCL) - a uniform approach to programming distributed heterogeneous systems with accelerators. d OpenCL extends the OpenCL standard, such that arbitrary computing devices installed on any node of a distributed system can be used together within a single application. OpenCL allows moving data and program code to these devices in a transparent, portable manner. Sinced OpenCL is designed as a fully-fledged implementation of the OpenCL API, it allows running existing OpenCL applications in a heterogeneous distributed environment without any modifications. We describe in detail the mechanisms that are required to implement OpenCL for distributed systems, including a device management mechanism for running multiple applications concurrently. Using three application studies, we compare the performance of dOpenCL with MPI+OpenCL and a standard OpenCL implementation.

Published in:

Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops & PhD Forum (IPDPSW), 2012 IEEE 26th International

Date of Conference:

21-25 May 2012