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This paper introduces the oil spill monitoring in SAR image by texture analysis and spectral information. In texture analysis, it discusses the parameters of texture extraction, and makes experiment. Then it determines the 17*17 as the windows size, 90 as the angle and 5 as distance. Through neural network classification, these parameters are suitable for oil spill monitoring. It can distinguish with oil and oil-like well. Its accuracy is satisfactory. These parameters are not only used for oil spill monitoring, but also provide a foundation for deeper SAR image classification.