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In this article a fault detection scheme for stator winding short circuit fault detection in the case of a three phase induction motor is being presented. The three phase motor is being modeled in the equivalent two phase motor (q-d) space, while the modeling of the faulty case is being also formulated. The motor is being identified by the utilization of Set Membership Identification (SMI) that has the merit of identifying both the parameters of the motor as also providing uncertainty safety bounds by calculating orthotopes which bounds the systems parameter vector. Based on the volume and the trend of these orthotopes, rules for identifying the existence of a fault are being presented. If the current values of the identified parameters do not lie inside the safety bounds in the healthy case, but lie in an area that is being defined by the model of the short circuit case, then a fault is being triggered. Detailed analysis of the proposed approach as also extended simulation results are being presented that prove the efficiency of the suggested scheme.