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Application of optimal interpolation to vertical current data in the Ieo Island of Korea using unstructured grid ocean numerical model(FVCOM)

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3 Author(s)
Bon-Ho Gu ; Dept. of Oceanogr., Inha Univ., Incheon, South Korea ; Seung-Buhm Woo ; Sangil Kim

The data assimilation in the field of oceanography is an estimation problem for producing model parameters or initial states for ocean predictions. Optimal interpolation (OI) is a least square method to estimate the initial conditions by calculating the weight where the error covariance between model values and observations becomes minimized. OI is a statistical data assimilation method and thus is influenced by the number of observation data. Although theoretical framework of OI application in ocean modeling is now relatively well established, OI is still quite useful methodology in ocean modeling, because OI can be applied to any local region of the model domain, requiring relatively less computational cost compared to vibration and ensemble-based methods. In this study, we assimilate the vertically distributed ocean current data at Ieo Island and South-western part of Korea via OI technique into the Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM), which is the unstructured grid ocean numerical model. FVCOM is first setup for tidal simulation in the region of Korea peninsula (See Fig. 1). The complex and irregular geographic characteristics of the coastline of Korea were complemented with unstructured grid, and the 30 second grid water depth (KorBathy30s) of the seas near Korea provided by Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI), and NAO99 was used for tidal boundary conditions. The verification of tide model was conducted based on the surface measurement data at sea level observation station operated by National Oceanographic Research Institute (NORI). Before applying the data assimilation to the model domain, the various kinds of numerical experiment were conducted to calculate the weight for the model and the observation data calculated previously in the observation station. The scaling factor and correlation radius based on the numerical experiment were used to calculate the weight of observation and model data in the domain. Based on the estimate- weight, OI was used based on the unstructured grid ocean numerical model at the Ieo Island to suggest the best state of ocean prediction and the empirical correlation. The observation data used in data assimilation was the vertically distributed ocean current data at the Ieo Island and 3 stations near the South-western sea of Korea (See Table 1). The observation period is from 2006 to 2009, and consecutive observation period ranges from 33 days to 45 days. For the application of the vertical current data to the prepared ocean numerical model, all the observation period and intervals need to be synchronized for assimilation. For this purpose, all vertical current data at each station was harmonically analyzed, and the extracted harmonic constituents were used to reproduce the time series data, and then converted to data assimilation input data. For computer resources, the TACHYON 2nd system of supercomputing center of KISTI was used to optimize the process of the data assimilation. The TACHYON 2nd system is parallel computing system which has Intel Xeon X5570 2.93GHz(8 core) and 24GB memory each nodes (total 3,176 nodes). For a single model experiment, about 360~380 CPUs were used and take about 2 days (48 hours). Overall, the OI data assimilation scheme is applied to assimilate vertical current data to the unstructured grid ocean numerical model considering the geographical characteristics of coastline of Korea and Ieo Island, and the accuracy of ocean numerical model and the practicality of the data assimilation in the oceanography over South sea of Korea. Furthermore, it is expected to give insight of the foundation for research of selection of ocean observation locations and construction of ocean prediction system in the future.

Published in:

OCEANS, 2012 - Yeosu

Date of Conference:

21-24 May 2012