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A Closed-Form Power Allocation for Minimizing Secrecy Outage Probability for MISO Wiretap Channels via Masked Beamforming

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4 Author(s)
Jun Xiong ; Sch. of Electron. Sci. & Eng., Nat. Univ. of Defense Technol., Changsha, China ; Kai-Kit Wong ; Dongtang Ma ; Jibo Wei

In this letter, we aim to achieve secure communication for a multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel in the presence of multiple non-colluding eavesdroppers. It is assumed that the eavesdroppers' channels are unavailable to the transmitter, and artificial noise (AN) is used to provide masked beamforming for degrading the eavesdroppers' channels. First, we derive the secrecy rate outage probability for the masked beamforming system and then the optimal power allocation between data and AN is obtained in closed form for minimizing the secrecy rate outage probability under a total power constraint. The effects of the number of transmit antennas, the transmit power, and the target secrecy rate on the optimal power allocation parameter are characterized. Numerical results are presented to show the performance of our proposed power allocation scheme.

Published in:

Communications Letters, IEEE  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 9 )