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Fiber-Optic Pressure Sensor Based on \pi -Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Grating on Side-Hole Fiber

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6 Author(s)
Qi Zhang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA ; Nan Liu ; Fink, T. ; Hong Li
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We present a fiber-optic pressure sensor based on a π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating (πFBG) fabricated on a side-hole fiber. Due to the resonance effect of a πFBG, its reflection spectrum features two notches that are dramatically narrower than the linewidth of a regular FBG of similar length. The narrow spectral notches allow high-resolution measurement of their spectral separation, significantly improving the pressure detection limit (defined herein as the minimum detectable pressure change) compared to sensors based on a regular FBG of a similar length and on the same fiber. The πFBG demonstrated in this letter is 8.3 mm long and the linewidth of each spectral notch is only 3.6 pm, corresponding to a quality factor of 4.3 × 105. The spectral notch separation exhibited a sensitivity of 20 pm/kpsi to pressure, which was limited by the geometry of the fiber holes, and little sensitivity to temperature. The Bragg wavelength shift exhibited a sensitivity of 11.4 pm/°C to temperature. In practice, a spectral resolution of 0.028 pm can be easily achieved for the πFBG demonstrated in this letter, leading to a pressure detection limit of 1.4 psi and a temperature detection limit of 0.0025°C.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 17 )